Friedrich Jacobi and the End of the Enlightenment: 
Religion, Philosophy, and Reason at the Crux of Modernity

Description

Jacobi held a position of unparalleled importance in the so-called ‘golden age’ of late eighteenth and early nineteenth century intellectual history. Yet despite this, his work has always posed a range of interpretative challenges that continue to hinder his reception to this day. Because of the range and style of his thought and its expression, disciplinary and interdisciplinary boundaries have limited the scope for a comprehensive presentation of his work and its legacy. The colloquium and publication which are the end of this project intends to evaluate Jacobi’s pivotal place in this period. This includes his role in bringing about the close of the Aufklärung through his critique of reason, his central part in shaping the reception of Kant’s critical philosophy and the subsequent development of German idealism, his effect on the development of Romanticism and religion through his emphasis on feeling, and his role in shaping the emergence of existentialism. The outcome of the colloquium will be the publication of an authoritative volume that will bring together major scholars on Jacobi and his period to produce an updated, authoritative resource for one of the most important but underappreciated figures in both German and European intellectual history.

This volume aims to offer an authoritative introduction to Jacobi's through and influence to the Anglophone world. 

Contents

Introduction / Jacobi: At the Crux of Modernity – Alexander J. B. Hampton 

 

Part 1. The Critique of Reason: Debates on Rationalism, Empiricism, and Skepticism 

 

1. Jacobi and Philosophy: Rationalism and Skepticism – Benjamin Crowe 

2. Jacobi and Spinoza – Birgit Sandkaulen 

3. Jacobi on the Nature of Mind and Intuitive Certainty – Brady Bowman 

4. Jacobi and Kant: Freedom, Reason, Faith – James J. DiCenso 

 

Part 2. Faith and Revelation: Debates on Theism, Atheism, and Nihilism 

 

5. Theism and Christianity: Jacobi’s Argument and Dilemma – Ariberto Acerbi 

6. The Jacobi–Schelling Debate – Sean J. McGrath 

7. Jacobi’s Response to Religious Nihilism ¬– Peter Jonkers 

8. Jacobi and the German Protestant Tradition – Jörg Lauster 

 

Part 3. Jacobi and the Revival of Socraticism: The Muenster Circle and Existentialism

 

9. Jacobi and Hemsterhuis – Daniel Whistler 

10. Dioscuri: Hamann and Jacobi – John Betz 

11. Jacobi and Kierkegaard – Anders Moe Rasmussen 

 

Part 4. Jacobi’s Impact on Idealism and Romanticism 

 

12. Jacobi and German Idealism – Ernst-Otto Onnash 

13. Jacobi’s Philosophy of Faith in Fichte’s 1794 Wissenschaftslehre – David W. Wood 

14. Jacobi and the Romantics – Alexander J. B. Hampton 

15. Jacobi as Literary Author – George di Giovanni 

 

Jacobi Sources 

Index 

 

Colloquium

The year 2019 was the two hundredth anniversary since Jacobi’s death. To mark this, a colloquium, supported by the DAAD, SSHRC, and McGill School of Religious Studies, was held in Montréal, Canada, on 28-29 September, 2019.